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Intertextuality and Dialogue Logic of Literary Texts with Hezar O Yek Shab (Case Study of Makkaran's Story)

The contextual-experimental and intertextual connection of Hezar o yek shab with epic, lyrical and narrative literature is an answer to the question of the self-sufficiency of popular literature and indicates the connection of Hezar o yek shab with previous texts and the extensive intertextuality of this work with them; And it is aware of social and individual demands, which is in the form of breaking and reproducing the stories of classical literary texts in popular literature, in the way of conveying previous ideas and showing existing needs; And he uses a conversational logic so that, while providing the public with those works, it is the language of the people to express everything that has been left unsaid or the opportunity has not been revealed. Popular politeness, in the context and context of the situation, has shown its exchange with court politeness, its sharing with the people, and its similarity in the discourse style with the narrative format. The findings of this descriptive-analytical-intertextual research show that the first processors of Hezar o yek shab took some of the narratives or their content from literary books while preserving the original or some of the mythological and archetype; By adding superstitions and language changes and of course socio-cultural changes, they have built a collection based on the old foundation of patriarchy and patriarchal rule and reaching petty tyranny, which made heroes like Harun Al-Rashid happy with the translation of Hezar Afsan to Arabicized and people's idea of cultural turmoil; And the tendencies of the courtiers have exposed the corruption and disorder of the royal palaces. Then the Persian translator (Abdul Latif Tasoji) established an intertextuality between Iranian literary texts (such as Sandbadnameh, Haft Pekir, Kalila and Demeneh, Shahnameh and Marzbannameh), with Hezar o yek shab, to make this work completely belong to the narratives. Take out Hindi and Arabic. The issue of women in Makkaran's story shows the conversation and context of the common discourse of the Hezar o yek shab with the Shahnameh and the Sandbadnameh, and the least benefit of this connection is the enrichment of popular culture, and showing the efforts of women to find a place and eliminate It is difficult.

Intertextuality, Hezar O Yek Shab, Shahnameh, Haft-Pikar, Sandbadnameh

Vahid Mobarak. (2023). Intertextuality and Dialogue Logic of Literary Texts with Hezar O Yek Shab (Case Study of Makkaran's Story). Advances in Sciences and Humanities, 9(3), 105-113.

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